Stuart


Stuart
I.
/ˈstjuət/ (say 'styoohuht)

noun
1. the royal house which reigned in Scotland 1371–1603, from Robert II to James VI, and in England and Scotland 1603–1714, from James I (James VI of Scotland) to Queen Anne. Also (prior to the reign of Mary, Queen of Scots), Stewart.
2. Sir Alexander, 1824–86, Australian politician, born in Scotland; premier of NSW 1883–85.
3. Charles Edward Louis Philip Casimir (`the Young Pretender', `the Young Chevalier', `Bonnie Prince Charlie'), 1720–88, pretender to the British throne whose landing in Scotland precipitated the Jacobite rebellion of 1745; son of James Francis Edward.
4. Donald, 1913–83, Australian novelist; wrote Yandy (1959).
5. Henry Lord → Darnley.
6. James, 1802–42, surgeon and artist-naturalist, arrived in NSW in 1834.
7. James Francis Edward (`the Old Pretender'), 1688–1766, son of James II, pretender to the British throne.
8. John McDouall, 1815–66, Scottish-born explorer in Australia; crossed the continent south to north using a route from Adelaide through the centre of Australia, much of which was later used for the route of the Overland Telegraph.
9. MaryMary Stuart.
10. Sir Thomas Peter Anderson, 1856–1920, Australian physiologist, born in Scotland.
{def. 1 from steward; family descended from Walter, died 1177, a steward (def. 2) in the Scottish royal household}
John McDouall Stuart arrived in Adelaide in 1839 where his army training enabled him to find work as a surveyor. In 1844 he joined Charles Sturt's expedition into the interior. During the late 1850s, Stuart led several small expeditions in search of new pastoral lands in the Lake Torrens and Lake Gairdner regions. From 1860 he began to probe further north in an attempt to become the first explorer to cross the continent from coast to coast. In 1860 Stuart reached the Finke River, the Macdonnell Ranges and Attack Creek in the NT before inadequate supplies forced the party to return. On this expedition Stuart named Central Mount Sturt; the name was later changed to honour Stuart. At the end of 1860, the SA government funded Stuart's next attempt to complete a south–north crossing; again harsh conditions and inadequate supplies forced the party to retreat. In 1861, with the aid of shopkeepers and private benefactors, he mounted a third expedition and this time he succeeded, reaching the north coast in July 1862, thus becoming the first to cross the continent south to north via the centre of Australia (Burke and Wills had crossed on a route further to the east in 1960–61). Stuart left Australia in 1864. The route of the Overland Telegraph from Darwin to Adelaide, which linked Australia with the rest of the world, followed Stuart's route for much of its course.
II.
/ˈstjuət/ (say 'styoohuht)

noun
the former name of Alice Springs (until 1933).
{named after John McDouall Stuart1}

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stuart — may be:.*a surname *a male first name meaning servent. *An alternative spelling is Stewart. The current French spelling Stuart was introduced by Mary I of Scotland (Mary, Queen of Scots), who lived in France after her marriage to the Dauphin.It… …   Wikipedia

  • Stuart — Stuart, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 625 Housing Units (2000): 272 Land area (2000): 0.624686 sq. miles (1.617928 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.624686 sq. miles (1.617928 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Stuart — bezeichnet: Haus Stuart, ein schottisch englisches Adelsgeschlecht Stuart (Name), ein Vor und Familienname, siehe dort für Namensträger Stuart (Automarke), eine britische Automarke M3 Stuart, einen leichten Panzer der US Armee im Zweiten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • STUART (G.) — STUART GILBERT (1755 1828) Peintre américain, Stuart est formé auprès d’un maître écossais, le portraitiste Cosmo Alexander, qu’il accompagne en Écosse en 1772; il s’expatrie en Angleterre et en Irlande de 1775 à 1792. Si ses premiers portraits… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Stuart — es el apellido de una familia dinástica escocesa y surgió como una variante del apellido Stewart con el significado de senescal; en español suele ser castellanizado como Estuardo. Stuart puede hacer referencia a: John Stuart (conde de Bute), III… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Stuart [1] — Stuart (spr. Stjuört, Stewart), ein schottisches Königsgeschlecht, welches auch eine Zeitlang die Krone Englands trug. Sein Ursprung wird bis auf die fabelhaften Zeiten Bankos (s.d.), Thans von Lochquabir, zurückgeführt, indem dessen Sohn… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stuart [1] — Stuart (spr. ßtjū ĕrt), altes Geschlecht in Schottland, das diesem Reich und England eine Reihe von Königen gegeben hat. Es stammt von einem Zweige der anglo normannischen Familie Fitz Alan ab, der sich in Schottland niederließ und unter David 1 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stuart, FL — U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 14633 Housing Units (2000): 8777 Land area (2000): 6.305886 sq. miles (16.332169 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.219546 sq. miles (5.748598 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.525432 sq. miles (22.080767 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Stuart, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 1712 Housing Units (2000): 742 Land area (2000): 2.023561 sq. miles (5.241000 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.023561 sq. miles (5.241000 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Stuart, NE — U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 625 Housing Units (2000): 272 Land area (2000): 0.624686 sq. miles (1.617928 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.624686 sq. miles (1.617928 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Stuart, OK — U.S. town in Oklahoma Population (2000): 220 Housing Units (2000): 107 Land area (2000): 0.275997 sq. miles (0.714830 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.275997 sq. miles (0.714830 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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